Updated April 29, 2019
Slip and fall accidents are common, but they make for difficult lawsuits to win in court. Although a good personal injury attorney can help give you an edge, liability is murky territory.
In general, property owners are liable for any accidents or injuries sustained on their property as long as their negligence caused the injury. Perhaps a property owner neglected to hang a wet floor sign in a freshly mopped room. In such a scenario, proof is no easy task: Is it possible to prove that a property owner’s malicious action or inaction caused your accident?
In order to get to the bottom of a slip and fall case, make sure to ask yourself some preliminary questions.
The law makes distinctions on rulings for slip and fall cases based upon the plaintiff’s reasoning for entering the property. Does the plaintiff have a reasonable argument for being there at the time of the incident? Did they have explicit permission or invitation to access the property? Was the plaintiff’s arrival expected? Trespassers who were on the property without permission may be viewed differently in the eyes of the law.
This question is where the property owner’s negligence comes in. In general, there are three possible scenarios under which a property owner can be deemed liable, and each has its own considerations in a court of law:
The first scenario is the most common approach to slip and fall cases and, unfortunately, the most difficult to prove because it becomes hard to define what a property owner “should have known.”
However, property owners are expected to take reasonable steps to make sure that their property is safe for visitors. It comes down to whether or not the property owner could have been more careful or accommodating and if this extra effort would have prevented an injury. Evaluate the situation:
While the property owner is liable for the safety of all patrons and expected visitors on the property, there is a limit to that liability. In the case of a slippery floor, a property owner might not be responsible for your injuries if a drainage grate was nearby and operational at the time. In this case, the property owner has taken preventative action, and it won’t be easy to prove otherwise unless some other significant factor contributed to the incident. Other obstructions that could be argued as ordinary to their environment, such as a loose rake in autumn, are not likely to be a case for liability on behalf of the property owner.
A plaintiff in a slip and fall case will be asked if they took any action to prevent their injury. Slip and fall cases operate by “comparative negligence,” meaning that if the plaintiff did something causally related to the accident, supporting evidence could limit recoverable damages. If the plaintiff risked injury regardless of clearly visible warnings or barricades, or if they were otherwise negligent, it will affect the case to the defendant’s advantage. If the plaintiff sustained injury regardless of preventative action, such as holding onto handrails in an icy area, recoverable damages may become more valuable.
If you or a loved one have been injured on someone else’s property, you are urged to contact the Indianapolis Premises Liability Attorneys of Wilson Kehoe Winingham. The lawyers at WKW can help you get the compensation you deserve. Call 317.920.6400 or fill out an online contact form for a free, no-obligation case evaluation.
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