In January, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) once again recommended that the blood alcohol content (BAC) measure used to determine drunk driving be reduced. The BAC standard in all states is now .08%. NTSB urges that this be lowered to .05%.
The call came as part of the release of NTSB’s annual “Most Wanted List of Transportation Safety Improvements” for 2016, a compilation of ten actions that NTSB wants to see in order to improve transportation safety across the US. Some of the other items include promoting collision avoidance technology in cars and trucks; getting portable electronic devices out of the hands of drivers; and completing important rail safety initiatives, such as Positive Train Control, which the agency believes would prevent many accidents, such as the December, 2015, Philadelphia derailment which killed 8 and injured more than 200.
States Make the Rules
While the NTSB urges lowering the BAC limit – and has recommended this reduction since 2013 – it has no authority to implement it. Each state decides on its own what limit to enforce. Several decades ago states began adopting BAC measures as indicators of “per se” operating under the influence (that is, if a driver was found to have this level or higher, it was automatically illegal). Since 2004, all states have used .08% as their BAC standard. No state has yet to lower its limit below .08%. However, in many states the authorities are not restricted by that measure. If any alcohol at all is detected, a driver may still be charged with operating under the influence if impairment is observed. Almost every state also applies more severe penalties when a higher BAC level is detected (typically around .15%, but in some cases as low as .10%)
Impaired Driving Kills
The NTSB call for a lower BAC standard comes as part of a larger initiative to move toward zero tolerance for driving under the influence of any substance. Alcohol, illegal drugs, prescription drugs, and even over-the-counter medications impair the ability of a driver to operate their vehicle safely. According to NTSB information, one-third of all fatal accidents involve alcohol. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests that at least 112 million trips each year are made by drivers who meet the legal standard of alcohol impairment.
In making the .05% recommendation for BAC, the NTSB notes that the current standard allows many impaired drivers to endanger themselves and others. Their research shows that by the time a driver’s BAC reaches .08%, their risk of a fatal crash is already more than double that of an unimpaired driver.
Zero is the Best Number
Some drivers still view BAC as a threshold, and that if they stay under this number they’ll be fine. This is a dangerous belief. You should never drive after drinking or after using any substance which might impair your ability to operate your vehicle safely. If you’ve been at a party or other event, use a designated driver. If you see someone about to get behind the wheel when they shouldn’t, convince them to stop.
If you’ve been on the receiving end of an accident caused by an impaired driver, getting legal assistance is your best first action. The attorneys at Wilson Kehoe Winingham are familiar with the practice of automobile accident law. Get in touch with us to schedule a free consultation to discuss your case. Call 317-920-6400 today or contact us online.