Updated March 7, 2021

What Are the Most Common Injuries Sustained in a Vehicle Collision?

Injuries are common after car accidents. Whether a crash is caused by a head-on collision or a failure to yield the right of way, victims rarely leave the accident scene entirely unscathed.

If you were injured in a car crash that was caused by someone else’s negligence, you may be able to receive compensation for your medical expenses, lost wages, car repairs, and more. An experienced auto accident attorney can help you navigate your legal options.

What Are the Most Commonly Sustained Car Accident Injuries?

There are a wide variety of possible injuries as a result of a car accident. Some injuries are mild and easily treated, while others can be severe and have long-lasting consequences, both physical and financial.

Broken Bones

Car accidents can inflict extreme amounts of force to your body. When that force is more than your bones can handle, they break. Broken legs, arms, hips, ankles, wrists, and ribs are common in car accidents.

Broken bones are usually very painful and can take a long time to heal. Recovery from this injury depends on the type of broken bone. There are two categories: simple fractures and compound fractures.

Simple Fractures

Simple bone fractures refer to injuries where bones break but do not create open wounds. These fractures typically require a cast.

Compound Fractures

Compound bone fractures penetrate the skin and may need surgery to correct.

Scrapes and Cuts

In car crashes, glass, sheet metal, and loose objects (cell phones, glasses, coffee cups, bags, books, GPS devices, food containers, tools, etc.) can cause scrapes and cuts if they are thrown against your skin. While these injuries are often mild, more serious lacerations may require stitches, result in blood loss, or pose a risk of infection.

Internal Bleeding

This type of auto accident injury occurs when the blood vessels in the body are damaged or severed by blunt force or flying debris. A ruptured blood vessel may lead to internal bleeding that doesn’t clot or stop; alternatively, clots could form that prevent blood from circulating.

Internal bleeding can be life-threatening. Any suspicion of organ damage or internal bleeding requires emergency medical attention.

Soft Tissue Damage

Soft tissue damage involves injury to the body’s connective tissue. When muscles, tendons, or ligaments are stretched or torn, injuries such as sprains, bruising, and strains can follow. Damage to the connective tissue can take many forms, and it is the most common type of car accident injury.

Knee Injuries

Knees are complicated, and so are knee injuries. Depending on where you are sitting during a car accident, you may hit your knees against the dashboard or the front seats. That sudden impact can injure the ligaments in your knees as well as the kneecap. In severe cases, surgery could be required to correct these damages.

Back or Neck Injuries

Back or neck injuries can be caused by the impact of force against the spine during a vehicle crash. Mid-back and low-back strains, as well as neck injuries, are common after an accident. Two types of back and neck injuries—spinal cord injuries and whiplash—can especially lead to serious complications.

Spinal Cord Injuries

Mild spinal cord damage can result in a herniated disc, which occurs when the spinal vertebrae shift out of place or rupture. Severe spinal cord injuries can result in body paralysis.


Whiplash is a popular name for soft tissue injuries to the neck caused by sudden movements during car accidents, especially in a rear collision. The pain associated with whiplash may not appear immediately after the crash, but when it sets in, it can be debilitating. Recovery from whiplash may involve physical therapy, a neck brace, ice, and medication.

Traumatic Brain Injuries

Head injuries of all types are cause for concern. On the less severe side of the spectrum are concussions; while still dangerous, these injuries are usually treatable. However, more extreme impacts can lead to traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). If not treated properly, TBIs can cause long-term issues with brain function.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

You may experience more than physical injuries after a motor vehicle crash. Mental and emotional trauma is more common than you might think. Signs of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include feelings of depression or hopelessness, social anxiety, hyper-vigilance, paranoia, and flashbacks.

What Steps Should I Take Following a Car Accident Injury?

After a car accident, it’s important to stay calm and follow these steps:

  • Ensure you are safe, then check on others involved to ensure they are safe
  • Check for injuries
  • Call 911
  • Gather evidence and contact information if able (this includes photographs and contact info from witnesses)
  • Contact your insurance company
  • Reach out to the auto accident attorneys at Wilson Kehoe Winingham

Contact an Automobile Accident Attorney Today

If you or a loved one have been injured in a car accident, contact the Indianapolis Car Accident Attorneys of Wilson Kehoe Winingham. The lawyers at WKW can help you and your family fight for the compensation you deserve. Call 317.920.6400 or fill out an online contact form for a free, no-obligation case evaluation.

Request a Free Consultation

Contact Us

Let WKW put our experience to work for you. Contact us for your free case evaluation.

Or, call us today at (317) 920-6400

Located In Indianapolis
Back to Top