The general definition of informed consent is when a treating physician (or other healthcare provider) must inform their patients of all potential risks, side effects, benefits, and alternatives before performing any course of medical treatment, such as surgical procedures or prescribing new medications. The healthcare provider is expected to obtain a written copy of the patient’s consent in order to move forward with treatment.
However, proof of consent varies by state. Indiana healthcare providers are not required by law to obtain written consent. You will likely find that most facilities do obtain written consent, as it provides them with protection against any potential medical malpractice lawsuits.